Vampiri Europeana,


A Bibliography of Non-English European Resources on Vampires in Literature,
Folklore, and Popular Culture

Melinda K. Hayes

First compiled July 9, 1998



Chronological List of Pre-20th Century Resources

Reference Works

Historical Antecedents

Belles Lettres

Children’s Literature


      Popular Culture


My interest in vampires stems from a strong interest in gothic horror developed in my pre-teen years. I loved the works of Poe, the ghosts of Dickens, and of all the monsters on the silver screen, my favorite was Dracula. Like many of my youth, I ran home from school each day to watch Dark Shadows, and suffered along with the guilt-ridden vampire Barnabas Collins. It wasn't until after my marriage that I caught the collecting bug. My husband also shared my interest in horror and gave me a subscription to the Dark Shadows video series. A few months later, when on a trip to New York in 1991 he visited several secondhand bookstores, and brought back a suitcase-load of books about vampires. We were soon collectors of Vampireana in a big way.

Soon we found ourselves buying duplicates of books already in our collection, and the need to keep a list became apparent. Our list eventually became a database, one which has grown to over 9,000 items, and as chiefly in English. From February to July of 1998 we lived in Vienna, giving me the opportunity not only to expand our collection into non-English works, but to compile a bibliography of non-English European resources on vampires.

Hence, this work, Vampiri Europeana, which is intended as a resource for scholars and others interested in the vampire motif in the fields of literature, folklore and popular culture. While several bibliographies of English texts are available, few have been published regarding non-English texts, and in particular, none that I have been able to discover are directed to the English-speaking researcher. In compiling this bibliography, my intent is to help fill this need, and to be as comprehensive as possible. With this in mind, I have created this work for the web, by which means I will be able to keep it up-to-date as additional information arises.

Method and Scope

The antecedent of this work is a database which I maintain using Paradox software. I exported the non-English data from this database, which amounted to some 800 entries. I then created a database using ProCite software, importing the data culled from the Paradox database, and then stripped items published in non-European languages. This defined the core of this bibliography of works about vampires in European languages.

During five months in Vienna I added to the database, frequenting the Library of the University of Vienna (Bibliothek der Universität Wien), and the Austrian National Library (Österreichische National Bibliothek), in including the Rare Book Room (Augustiner Lesesaal) and Theater Museum Library (Bibliothek der Theater Museum). In addition, book-buying trips in Vienna, and to Bucharest, Budapest, Prague, Dresden, Stuttgart, and Hannover, added to the esoteric titles which are not usually collected by libraries. Along the way I discovered the Romanheft, a genre I've not found outside of German-speaking countries, and published almost exclusively in Germany.

Since returning to Los Angeles, I have been input additional information to the ProCite database from works purchased during the trip, running test bibliography compilations from the database, correcting errors in text and entries, and undertaking basic database maintenance. ProCite will export bibliographies in HTML, but it does not set headings, background, or other common attributes of web pages, so some time was spent on making the pages presentable and easy to use.

I have generally followed the Chicago Style Manual for the entries in this bibliography, though I have had to make allowances so that data which is not normally included in a published bibliography could be included, which will enhance the searchability of each page. Each entry consists of the author and/or title, imprint, notes and keywords. Links to additional information culled from individual entries in the database will be provided as these pages are updated.


This is the culmination of two years work, which would not have been possible without support, not only financial and collegial, but also fraternal and familial. The University of Southern California, specifically the University Libraries, granted leave to pursue the compilation of this work, and is in every way its publisher, by providing the virtual space on which to store and make available this work. The University of Southern California Library Faculty awarded me a grant with which I was able to purchase software to compile this bibliography, and have funds for photocopying.

I owe to Lorraine Perrotta, colleague and friend, the encouragement to pursue leave in Vienna, without which this work could not have been done. And lastly, but most lovingly my husband, R. Wayne Shoaf provided me with the courage to pursue an interest which I enjoy, emotional support when difficulties arose, and many suggestions along the way.

The following individuals have made significant contributions to this bibliography since its publication on the web:
Jean-Claude Asfour, Burghardt Bodenburg, Carlos Díaz Maroto, Thomas Folgmann, Daniela Horville, Denis Labbé, Frank Morlock, Franco Pezzini, Norbert Spehner, Jean-Paul Van der Elst, and Ana Verhar.

Comments about and additions to the bibliography can be made to me via email.

Awarded March 1999

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© Melinda K. Hayes
Created: July 9, 1998    Updated: February 3, 2008